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Thursday, September 09, 2004

DPRK human rights in Monthly Mal - articles

In an earlier post I noted that the latest issue of the leftist monthly Mal has a special section on DPRK human rights. Now the articles are available online. I'm too busy to make any summaries, but here are some notes anyway.

"Progessive guidelines about DPRK human rights"; recognizes that DPRK refugees cannot be said to be brainwashed by the NIC to talk anti-North; progressives have been ignoring the DPRK human rights issue, but the problem of being used by the rightists if the progressives even mention it. These are the guidelines:

- 첫째, 북한인권문제를 남한의 문제로, 진보진영의 시급한 과제로 인식해야 한다. (DPRK human rights issue is an issue for ROK, and the progressives need to realize this)
- 둘째, 북한정부를 비판하지 않은 채 북한인권 문제를 거론하려는 강박관념에서 벗어나야 한다. (Must shed the obstinate idea that the DPRK human rights problem needs to be discussed without criticizing the northern government)
- 셋째, 북한인권 문제의 특수성을 인정하고, 일괄해결이 아닌 단계적 대안을 제시해야 한다. (It is a particular problem, and cannot be solved at once but gradually)
- 넷째, 북한인권문제와 기타 현안(대량살상무기, 마약, 위조지폐 등)의 연계를 최대한 차단해야 한다. (Must not be connected with other issues such as weapons of mass destruction, drugs, fake bills etc.)
- 다섯째, 자본주의/사회주의라는 이분법을 버리고 동북아시아의 평화와 한민족 경제공동체라는 기준을 제시해야 한다 (Need to delineate the basis for Northeast Asian peace and Korean economic community outside the dichotomy of capitalism/socialism)
Quoting one researcher's experiences of "progressives" facing the problem:
"각종 토론회에서 만나본 진보진영 사람들은 탈북자들이 이데올로기를 떠나 자신의 체험을 호소하는데도 굉장히 냉소적으로 대했다. 그래서는 안된다. 북한정부를 비판하지 않고 북한인권문제를 거론하는 것은 사실상 불가능하다는 것을 직시해야 한다. 북한 정부도 이제 남한진보진영의 비판을 견디는 맷집을 키워야 하며, 그것이 북한정권을 위해서도 이롭다고 생각한다."

"DPRK human rights act: barbarous scheme of the 3rd-rate US far right" (written by a Yonhap News person). The last paragraph:
그러나 문제는 이들 법안의 입법화 여부와 관계없이 우리네 남측 언론과 여론은 미국내 3류 극우세력의 교묘한 여론조작에 항상 노출돼 있으며 저들이 조장하는 대북적대감을 여과 없이 수용하게 된다는 점이다. 미국의 여론 조작 놀음은 다름 아닌 남측 주민들의 의식 마비 또는 왜곡을 노린다는 점을 잊지 말아야 할 것이다.

"DPRK defector solution: finding the solution by South-North cooperation for the right to return home"; he doesn't seem to be subscribing much to the second paragraph of the guidelines given above; sees the solution for the right to return safely back to DPRK as economical - ROK should even consider giving economic assistance to returnees (I'm under the impression that with money [read: bribes to border guards] it's relatively safe to return to DPRK, but still the writer is as if DPRK wasn't part of the returning problem)

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